BB90, BB86, BB92, GXP Press Fit Bottom Bracket Service
This article will review the service of the SRAM GXP press fit and "Shimano Press Fit" threadless bottom bracket standard. These systems use a two-piece crank with a nominally 24mm diamter spindle. The "Shimano press fit" standard is a bottom bracket system that does not use internal threading. Unfortunately there is no industry wide agreed upon name for this standard. The Shimano Company's name for the system is "Shimano Press Fit". The colloquial titles BB86, BB90 or BB92 refer to the nominal shell width, some with and some without pressed bearings. The pressed cups have a lip of 2mm, which widens the shell from 86mm to 90mm, hence the name BB90. The two-piece cranksets are typically the same ones used in the "external bearing systems". Cranksets the Shimano® Hollow Tech II, FSA® Megaexo, Race Face® X-type and Truvativ® GXP are used in this design.
NOTE: It is the intent of the bike manufacturers that the bottom bracket bearing be removed only when being replaced. It is necessary to impact the bearing adpator and bearings from the inside, which may leave impact marks. Because a new bottom bracket is being installed, this is usually not a concern.
The Trek Bicycle Compoany has proprietary system is not a Shimano Press fit, but does fall within the BB90 style of bottom brackets. Trek Bikes offers the Shimano Press Fit design on some models and their own proprietary system on the models. The Trek system is reviewed at the end of this article.
In this threadless system, the cartridge bearing is housed inside a plastic (figure 1) or aluminum adapter/holder (figure 2). The outside of the adapter is nominally 41mm, slightly larger then the frame shell. The frame may be aluminum, carbon with an aluminum sleeve or just full carbon.
Figure 1. Shimano® Press Fit bearing and an unthreaded carbon fiber frame shell
Figure 2. FSA brand adapter with bearing in an aluminum frame.
This bottom bracket system is serviced similar to a threadless headset. The adapters holding the cartridge bearings are a press fit into the bike. The bearing alignment references the shell face because the adapters press until the outer lip contacts the frame. It is assumed the shell faces are adequately parallel. Again, bearing adaptors are removed only when being replaced.
The bearing unit is removed using the BBT-90.3 Bottom Bracket Tool Set. Insert the bearing remover through the bottom bracket (figure 3).
Figure 3. Install bearing removal tool similar to removing headset cups
Pull the remover through the bottom bracket (figure 4). Listen and feel for a click as the blades engage inside the bearing unit (figure 5).
Figure 4. Pull tool carefully through bottom bracket
Figure 5. Tool will expand once past the bearing inside surface
Use a hammer to strike the tool end and drive out the bearing unit (figure 6). Reverse the remover tool and repeat by driving out remaining bearings. This will possibly leave cosmetic scarring inside the adaptor.
Figure 6. Drive out the bearing with a hammer
The bearings are a mild press fit into the frame. In aluminum frames only, it is recommend to either grease the pressed surfaces or to use a mild thread locker. This may seem contradictory, but the idea is to prevent future creaking if the cup were to move. The cartridge bearing is intended to be a permanent part of the adapter and the unit is replaced together.
To install the bearings, use a headset press such as the HHP-2 or HHP-3 Headset Press and a pair of the #669 bushings. The #669 bushings are included with the BBT-90.3 Bottom Bracket Tool Set. The bushing fit on the threaded shaft and do not fit over the hex section of the HHP-2 (figure 7).
Figure 7. Bearing adaptor, bushing 699, and HHP-2
Figure 8. Bearing and #669 bushing
Engage the bushing on each side, and then slowly press both bearing adapters fully into the frame (figure 9 and 10). Remove tool and bushing from bottom bracket. Install crankset (figure 11).
Figure 9. Headset press and bushing in place ready to push bearings into frame
Figure 10. Complete press operation
Figure 11. Install crank
The Trek Bicycle Company uses a proprietary bottom bracket design on some model bikes. The crankset system is effectively the BB90 style, but it is not the Shimano Press Fit design (figure 12). The bearings have no plastic retainer or cups. These slip into the bottom bracket shell, much like an IS Headset (Integrated Headset). The overall width of the shell is 90mm. The cartridge bearing are 37mm outside diameter and 24mm inside diameter to accept the Shimano Hollowtech II cranksets.
Figure 12. Trek bottom bracket system
The cranks are removed with normal procedures. The bearings of these system slip out using only hand pressure. The bearing seat inside the shell cannot be removed. An additional seal is used outside the cartridge bearings and cranks are installed as per their normal procedures.
Figure 13. Bearing istall and remove by hand
The BBT-90.3 bushing are not used to install the Trek BB90 slip fit system.