Bottom Bracket Tool Selection: Threaded and Thread-Together

There are many different brands and models of bottom brackets as well as many variations on tool fittings for their service. This article will review the selection of Park Tool options for various bottom bracket systems in threaded frame shells and for thread-thru bottom brackets. For a review of the various bottom bracket standards, see Bottom Bracket Standards and Terminology.

1

Preliminary Info

What Tools do I need?

To determine the correct tool, begin by inspecting the bottom bracket. In some cases it will be necessary to remove the crank in order to measure and determine the tool choices.

If there are no tool fittings visible it is likely a press fit bottom bracket. See Bottom Bracket Tool Selection: Press Fit.

Press fit bottom bracket showing no tool fittings
Press fit bottom bracket showing no tool fittings

If the bottom bracket is installed and removed using threads, there will be tool fittings visible. This is also the case for frames using press fit shells and a “thread-together” bottom bracket, also known as a “thread-thru”. For purposes of tool selection, a thread-together bottom bracket is treated the same as a threaded bottom bracket.

Tool fittings can be notches or indentations on the outer perimeter, splines on the inside perimeter, or pin holes on the face. Count the number of tool fittings on the cup.

This cup has 16 notches as tool fittings
This cup has 16 notches as tool fittings

Next, use a caliper to measure the diameter or width of the tool fittings. For external notches, first measure the outer diameter of the bottom bracket cup or adapter as seen below. This is the major diameter of the tool fitting. Next, measure from the inside of one notch to the inside of the notch directly opposite. This is the minor diameter of the tool fitting.

Measuring the major diameter of the cup
Measuring the major diameter of the cup

Although the tools fit at the inside portion of the external splines, measuring the outside will be enough to differentiate the standard.

For tool fittings on the inside perimeter, measure to where the tool would fit as seen in the image below.

Measuring an inside diameter tool fitting.
Measuring an inside diameter tool fitting.

It can be difficult to get exact measurements. For most models, getting within a millimeter will be good enough to get the correct tool.

2

Tool Finder Table

Use the table below to find the best match, and click the name of the tool to see an example of the tool fitting as well as a list of popular brands that feature this fitting. There are also some proprietary styles not listed here.

Flats/Pin Holes/Splines

Tool Fitting Dimension Tool
2 flats 16 mm widthHCW-11
2 flats 36 mm width HCW-4
4/6/8 pin holes 3 mm hole SPA-1
12 internal splines 23 mm ID BBT-5/FR-11
20 internal splines 31.5 mm ID BBT-22, BBT-32

External Notches

Tool Fitting Major Diameter Minor Diameter Tool
3/4/6/8 external notches 44–46 mm OD

~40 mm OD

HCW-5
6 external notches 43–44 mm OD

38 mm OD

BBT-4
8 external notches 40–45 mm OD

38mm OD

BBT-18
12 external notches 45–47 mm OD

44 mm OD

BBT-79
12 external notches 48–50 mm OD

46.3 mm OD

BBT-35
12 external notches 50–53 mm OD

48.2 mm OD

BBT-47
16 external notches 39–40 mm OD 37.6 mm OD BBT-49.2, BBT-29
16 external notches 41–42 mm OD

39 mm OD

BBT-59.2
16 external notches 44–45 mm OD

42.7 mm OD

BBT-69.2, BBT-19.2, BBT-9
16 external notches 48–50 mm OD

46.4 mm OD

BBT-27.2, BBT-29
16 external notches 52–54 mm OD

48.8 mm OD

BBT-47
24 external notches 45–47 mm OD

44 mm OD

BBT-79
36 external notches 51–53 mm OD

50.7 mm OD

BBT-35
3

Tool Fittings

2 Flats, 16 mm Width

2 flats on adjustable cup

2 flats on adjustable cup

Park Tool HCW-11

Park Tool HCW-11

Examples include adjustable bottom bracket non-drive-side cups using two wrench flats at 16mm.

Use the Park Tool HCW-11


2 Flats, 36 mm Width

Bottom bracket cup with two wrench flats

Bottom bracket cup with two wrench flats

Park Tool HCW-4

Park Tool HCW-4

Examples include many adjustable ball bearing bottom brackets using a drive side (right side) cup with two wrench flats spaced at 36mm.

Use the Park Tool HCW-4


4/6/8 Pin Holes

Pin holes in left cup

Pin holes in left cup

Park Tool SPA-1

Park Tool SPA-1

Examples include many adjustable ball bearing bottom brackets using a non-drive (left side) cup with 4, 6, or 8 pin holes.

Use the Park Tool SPA-1


3/4/6/8 External Notches, 44–46 mm OD

External lockring of adjustable cup bottom bracket

External lockring of adjustable cup bottom bracket

Park Tool HCW-5

Park Tool HCW-5

Examples include adjustable cup-and-cone bottom brackets with left side outer lockring.

Use the Park Tool HCW-5


6 External Notches, 43 mm OD

6-notch cartridge bottom bracket

6-notch cartridge bottom bracket

Park Tool BBT-4

Park Tool BBT-4

Examples include Campagnolo® cartridge bottom bracket using six radiused tool fittings.

Use Park Tool BBT-4


8 External Notches, 40–45 mm OD

8 external notches

8 external notches

Park Tool BBT-18

Park Tool BBT-18

Examples include Truvativ® Giga Pipe™, Bontrager® and others.

Use Park Tool BBT-18


12 Internal Splines, 23 mm ID

12 internal splines

12 internal splines

Park Tool BBT-5/FR-11

Park Tool BBT-5/FR-11

Examples include Campagnolo® Centaur®, Chorus®, and Record® Track, as well as Miche® square spindle models. The tool fitting is the same as the Campagnolo® cassette lockring tool.

Use Park Tool BBT-5/FR-11


12 External Notches, 45–47 mm OD

12 external notches, 45–47 mm outside diameter

12 external notches, 45–47 mm outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-79

Park Tool BBT-79

Examples include Race Face® Cinch®, Rotor® 30, and others.

Use Park Tool BBT-79


12 External Notches, 48–50 mm OD

12 external notches, 48–50 mm OD outside diameter

12 external notches, 48–50 mm OD outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-35

Park Tool BBT-35

Examples include Praxis Works® M30 bottom bracket cup.

Use the Park Tool BBT-35
Note: This is a double-sided socket with 12 notches at 48mm and 18 notches at 51.7mm


12 External Notches, 50–53 mm OD

12 external notches, 50–53 mm outside diameter

12 external notches, 50–53 mm outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-47

Park Tool BBT-47

Examples include Chris King® ThreadFit™ 30, Wheels Mfg™, and others.

Use Park Tool BBT-47
Note: This is a double-sided socket with 16 notches at 52.2mm and 12 notches at 50.4mm


16 External Notches, 39–40 mm OD

16 external notches, 39–40 mm outside diameter

16 external notches, 39–40 mm outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-49.2

Park Tool BBT-49.2

Examples include Shimano® XTR® BB91/3/4, Dura-Ace® R9100, and Shimano® STEPS® Hollowtech® II e-bike motor lockring.

Use Park Tool BBT-49.2 or BBT-29


16 External Notches, 41–42 mm OD

16 external notches, 41–42 mm outside diameter

16 external notches, 41–42 mm outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-59.2

Park Tool BBT-59.2

Examples include Shimano® XT® MT800, Ultegra® BBR60/72, and others.

Use Park Tool BBT-59.2


16 External Notches, 44–45 mm OD

16 external notches, 44–45 mm outside diameter

16 external notches, 44–45 mm outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-69.2

Park Tool BBT-69.2

Example include Shimano® Hollowtech® II, SRAM® GXP®, Chris King® ThreadFit™ 24, Campagnolo®, Race Face®, Praxis Works®, and more.

Use Park Tool BBT-69.2, BBT-19.2, or BBT-9


16 External Notches, 48–50 mm OD

16 external notches, 48–50 mm outside diameter

16 external notches, 48–50 mm outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-27.2

Park Tool BBT-27.2

Examples include FSA® MegaEvo® and Wheels Mfg™.

Use Park Tool BBT-27.2 or BBT-29


16 External Notches, 52–54 mm OD

16 external notches, 52–54 mm outside diameter

16 external notches, 52–54 mm outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-47

Park Tool BBT-47

Examples include Chris King® and Wheels Mfg™.

Use Park Tool BBT-47
Note: This is a double-sided socket with 16 notches at 52.2mm and 12 notches at 50.4mm


20 Internal Splines, 31.5mm ID

20 internal splines with ISIS Drive spindle

20 internal splines with ISIS Drive spindle

20 internal splines with square spindle

20 internal splines with square spindle

Park Tool BBT-22

Park Tool BBT-22

Park Tool BBT-32

Park Tool BBT-32

Examples include cartridge bottom brackets from Shimano® square spindle type, Shimano® Octalink®, SRAM®, Sunlite®, FSA®, Suntour®, and others.

Use Park Tool BBT-22 or BBT-32


24 External Notches, 45–47 mm OD

SRAM® DUB® bottom bracket

SRAM® DUB® bottom bracket

Park Tool BBT-79

Park Tool BBT-79

Examples include the SRAM® DUB® bottom bracket cup.

Use the BBT-79


36 External Notches, 51–53 mm OD

36 external notches, 51–53 mm outside diameter

36 external notches, 51–53 mm outside diameter

Park Tool BBT-35

Park Tool BBT-35

Examples include Praxis Works® M35. The 36-notch cup pattern fits the 18-notch pattern of the BBT-35.

Use Park Tool BBT-35
Note: This is a double-sided socket with 12 notches at 48mm and 18 notches at 51.7mm